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What is the Alberta Court of Justice?

What is the Alberta Court of Justice

The Alberta Court of Justice is a cornerstone of the legal system in Alberta, Canada. This institution stands at the forefront of administering justice in the province. As a lower trial court, it handles preliminary hearings, trials, and sentencing for a vast majority of criminal offenses, civil disputes, and family law cases. The court serves as a pivotal player in maintaining the rule of law and ensuring justice is dispensed impartially and effectively. Its intricate structure, comprising of various divisions, enhances its ability to cater to different types of legal cases.

A Brief History of The Alberta Court of Justice

Tracing the roots of The Alberta Court of Justice takes us back several decades. It was founded under the Provincial Court Act of 1971, with a well-defined goal of delivering accessible, efficient, and effective judicial services to the residents of Alberta. Over the years, the court has witnessed numerous changes and has continually evolved to keep up with societal shifts and transformations in the legal landscape. Today, the court stands as a testament to the evolution of the justice system in Alberta, continually striving to meet the ever-changing needs of the community it serves.

The Structure of The Alberta Court of Justice

The Alberta Court of Justice is structured to effectively address various types of cases. It comprises three main divisions each tasked with handling specific legal matters:

The Criminal Division

The Criminal Division is often the busiest, presiding over the majority of criminal cases in the province. Cases in this division span a wide spectrum, from relatively minor misdemeanors to severe felonies, excluding only a handful of serious crimes which are reserved for the superior courts. The Justices in this division shoulder the responsibility of interpreting the law, assessing evidence, and ensuring justice is served. The division plays a significant role in upholding the rule of law and maintaining societal order.

The Civil Division

The Civil Division addresses most general civil disputes involving claims of up to $50,000 (civil claim limit will raise to $100,000, effective August 1, 2023). This division finds itself grappling with a myriad of cases, such as contract disputes, personal injury claims, landlord-tenant issues, and much more. Its mandate is to provide an avenue for individuals and organizations to resolve their legal disputes in an impartial and effective manner.

The Family and Youth Division

The Family and Youth Division has jurisdiction over a variety of family matters. This includes child custody and access disputes, child and spousal support, and child protection issues. The division’s fundamental goal is to provide a supportive and protective legal framework that upholds the best interests of children and families. Its crucial role in resolving family disputes underscores the court’s commitment to maintaining societal harmony.

Small Claims Court in the Civil Division

As you navigate your understanding of The Alberta Court of Justice, it’s worth noting the important role played by the Small Claims Court, which is a part of the Civil Division. If you find yourself involved in a small claims case, here’s what you should know:

Monetary Limit

Understanding the monetary limit is a pivotal part of dealing with the Small Claims Court in The Alberta Court of Justice system. As of September 2021, the court is authorized to hear cases involving disputes up to $50,000 (civil claim limit will raise to $100,000, effective August 1, 2023). This limit is not fixed and has been periodically revised to keep pace with economic realities and the needs of society. Therefore, it’s always advisable to check the current monetary limit before proceeding with a claim. This limit is an important consideration when deciding whether to file your case in Small Claims Court or another venue. For instance, if the dispute involves an amount significantly higher than the stipulated limit, the case may not be eligible for this court. On the other hand, if your claim is within the limit, the Small Claims Court offers a more streamlined, simplified, and cost-effective way to resolve your dispute compared to higher courts.


In the Small Claims Court, legal representation by a lawyer is not mandatory. You have the option to represent yourself. Many individuals choose to do this given the court’s user-friendly approach. However, if the case’s complexity leaves you uncertain about how to proceed, it’s often wise to seek legal advice. This choice depends on your comfort level with legal proceedings and the specifics of your case. If you’re learning a lot here, consider calling us for help 403-264-1366.


The process for small claims cases usually starts with the filing of a Civil Claim in court. Post filing, the other party (the defendant) needs to be served with a copy of the claim. They then have the opportunity to file a Dispute Note if they disagree with your claim. If the dispute cannot be resolved amicably, the case will proceed to a hearing or trial. Understanding this process can help you plan your approach and prepare accordingly.

Alternative Dispute Resolution

Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) is a key feature of the process in the Small Claims Court. It comprises various methods of resolving disputes outside the traditional court trial setting. The two main types of ADR used within this context are mediation and pre-trial conferences.

Mediation involves a neutral third-party mediator who helps the disputing parties communicate and negotiate in hopes of reaching a mutually acceptable settlement. The mediator doesn’t make decisions or dictate terms; instead, they facilitate constructive dialogue and assist parties in exploring potential solutions.

Pre-trial conferences, on the other hand, are informal meetings presided over by a Justice or a judicial officer. In these meetings, the parties discuss the case, clarify issues, consider simplifying the proceedings, and explore the possibility of settlement. The goal here is to expedite the process and avoid the need for a full trial, which can be time-consuming and expensive.

ADR can be a highly effective way of managing and resolving disputes in the Small Claims Court. Not only does it have the potential to save time and money, but it also allows for more creative, flexible solutions that better meet the needs and interests of the parties involved. Additionally, it often helps maintain or even improve relationships between parties, which can be particularly valuable in disputes involving ongoing relationships, like landlord-tenant or business partnerships.


Upon a successful ruling in your favor, The Alberta Court of Justice won’t enforce the judgment on your behalf, which means it won’t collect the money owed to you. The onus falls upon you to enforce the judgment and collect the awarded funds. This stage of the process, while crucial, can sometimes be challenging, as it requires navigating through the specific procedures and legal requirements.

One common method of enforcement is to register the judgment against the debtor’s real estate, which could lead to a sale of the property to satisfy the debt. Another option is to garnish the debtor’s wages or bank accounts, effectively redirecting a portion of their income or funds to repay the debt. In some cases, it might be possible to seize personal property of the debtor for sale.

Please note, these methods require specific procedures and documentation to be followed, and the feasibility of each method depends on the debtor’s specific circumstances. It is often advisable to seek legal advice or professional assistance to understand the best way to proceed.

Courteous Conduct

No matter the nature of your case, it’s vital to maintain a professional demeanor when in court. This includes dressing appropriately, being punctual, and treating everyone present with respect. Remember, your conduct can greatly impact how you are perceived in court and can have an indirect influence on your case.

Finally, remember that while the Small Claims Court is designed to be user-friendly, the legal procedures can be intricate. If you’re ever unsure about any aspect of your case, consider seeking advice from our agency. With us the process is much less intimidating and we can help your chances of a favorable outcome.

The Role and Responsibilities of The Alberta Court of Justice

With its distinct structure, The Alberta Court of Justice holds a wide array of responsibilities:


The court’s jurisdiction spans a broad range of cases including, but not limited to, criminal, civil, family, traffic, and bylaw cases. It endeavors to dispense fair, accessible, and timely adjudication on all matters that fall within its purview. This wide-reaching jurisdiction is a testament to its crucial role in Alberta’s justice system.

Case Management

One of the fundamental responsibilities of the court is effective case management. This includes ensuring that cases are handled efficiently, that unnecessary delays are avoided, and that all proceedings are conducted in accordance with legal standards and procedures. The aim is to facilitate speedy resolutions while upholding the highest standards of justice.

Justices in The Alberta Court of Justice

In the heart of The Alberta Court of Justice’s operations are its Justices, professionals who dedicate their lives to upholding justice. These individuals are selected based on their legal acumen, integrity, and commitment to public service. Once appointed, they preside over various types of cases, interpreting the law, assessing evidence, and delivering verdicts. The role of a Justice extends beyond mere legal proceedings as they are often seen as symbols of justice and fairness in the community. Their decision-making abilities often have profound implications on the lives of individuals and the societal fabric at large.

Understanding Court Proceedings in The Alberta Court of Justice

Court proceedings in The Alberta Court of Justice are methodically organized and adhere to well-established legal procedures. Let’s delve deeper into what these procedures look like:

Initiating a Case

The initiation of a case is the first step in any legal proceeding. This involves filing necessary paperwork or charges depending on the nature of the case. Be it a civil claim or criminal charges, the court provides clear guidelines on how to commence a case. An understanding of this process is crucial as it sets the stage for subsequent legal procedures and court hearings.

Pre-Trial and Trial Procedures

Once a case is initiated, it moves through various stages, including pre-trial procedures and eventually the trial itself. Pre-trial procedures often involve gathering evidence, witness statements, and other pre-trial motions. The trial then sees all parties present their case before the Justice, who examines the evidence, hears arguments, and eventually delivers a verdict. These procedures, while time-consuming, are essential to ensure a comprehensive evaluation of the case and a fair outcome.

Key Features and Innovations of The Alberta Court of Justice

Over the years, The Alberta Court of Justice has demonstrated a commitment to innovation and adaptation. It continually incorporates new measures and technologies to improve the delivery of justice. For instance, it has embraced the use of digital platforms for certain procedures, allowing for remote hearings and online submissions. It also offers a range of specialized courts to cater to specific community needs, such as the Drug Court, Mental Health Court, and Indigenous Courts. These innovations highlight the court’s flexibility and its readiness to adapt to the changing needs of society while ensuring justice remains accessible and efficient.


In conclusion, The Alberta Court of Justice is an essential part of the justice system in Alberta. Its divisions, roles, and innovative features work together to ensure justice is served efficiently, effectively, and fairly. By evolving with the times, it maintains its relevance and continues to meet the needs of the people it serves. Understanding this institution is key to understanding the justice system in Alberta. As we go about our daily lives, it’s comforting to know that such a robust system is in place, steadfast in its pursuit of justice.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Q: What types of cases does The Alberta Court of Justice handle?
A: The court handles a wide range of cases including criminal, civil, and family cases, as well as traffic and bylaw matters.

Q: How are Justices appointed in The Alberta Court of Justice?
Justices are selected based on their legal expertise, integrity, and dedication to public service.

Q: Can I initiate a case in The Alberta Court of Justice?
A: Yes, the court provides clear guidelines on how to initiate a case, be it a civil claim or criminal charges.

Q: What innovations has The Alberta Court of Justice introduced?
A: The court has introduced various innovations including the use of digital platforms and specialized courts like the Drug Court, Mental Health Court, and Indigenous Courts.

Q: What are the key roles of The Alberta Court of Justice?
A: The court’s key roles include adjudicating a broad range of cases, managing cases effectively, and upholding justice in the province of Alberta.